What is Criminal Extradition?

Bail Bonds Indianapolis 317-876-9600

Bail Bonds Indianapolis 317-876-9600

Extradition is not a term often talked about on the streets or in the criminal world. This is because it is a vague legal term for a very common legal procedure. Extradition refers to the “handing-over” or “return” of a wanted criminal from one state or nation, back to the state they fled, to stand trial. Obligatory extradition only secures and transfers persons classified as fugitives. If a person commits a crime in one state, but flees to another to evade criminal charges, they are considered a fugitive of the law. It is up to the local governments in the new state to cease and detain this fugitive in order to extradite them back to the original state in which they committed the crime. The purpose of extraditing fugitives is to secure their return back to the state they are allegedly accused or suspected of committing a crime, so they can stand trial and face their deserved legal charges.

Extraditing Fugitives in America

Extradition also serves a purpose of prevention. It prevents accused criminals and law-breakers from being able to escape liability after perpetrating a crime. The process and procedures of extraditing fugitives is controlled by Federal law. Federal statutes are complimented by individual state law. For international extradition procedures, treaties have been set in place to govern its processes. A state or nation can sometimes refuse to sign-off on fugitive extradition if the criminal is wanted for acts that are not illegal in their state. Also, state will refuse to extradite someone for political crimes, or if they face execution or torture upon return.

To extradite a criminal, the American constitution requires the following legal obligations from both, the requesting executive state (the state in which they fled) and the receiving executive state:

• Requesting State Must Provide a Copy of the Indictment or Affidavit Made Before a Judge

• Indictment Documents Must Charge the Fugitive with a Crime

• Each States’ Governors (or Chief Magistrates) Must Provide Signatures for Authentication on Indictment Documents

• The Receiving Executive State Must Cause the Fugitive to Be Arrested and Detained; and then Ask the Requesting State to Collect the Fugitive

• An Agent of the Requesting Executive State Must Appear in Person to Collect and Obtain the Fugitive within 30 Days of their Arrest—Or the Fugitive Will Be Released

A person that flees their state after committing a crime does not have to be tried yet to be extraditable. They can simply be charged or suspected of a crime, but haven’t appeared in court yet. A person that has been charged and convicted, but somehow escaped custody, is also an extraditable fugitive. And criminals that have been convicted in absentia are also extraditable fugitives.

Woods Bail Bonds – Indianapolis, IN

Woods Bail Bonds Indiana 317-876-9600

Woods Bail Bonds Indiana 317-876-9600

For more extradition information, call James Woods, owner and operator of Woods Bail Bonds in Indianapolis, Indiana. We have more than 30 years of experience in the indemnity industry and can accurately answer your bond questions. We are open and operational 24 hours a day and 7 days a week! We offer notary services, bail bond services, jail pick services, jail information, discreet services, full bail coverage, federal bonds, state bonds, property bonds, and much more. Call us today at 317-876-9600 for additional information about extraditing fugitives in Indiana, or for professional bail bond services in Indianapolis and its surrounding counties.

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